Tyrolean DNA admixture and genetic structure

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Interesting information for genetic genealogy and populations genetics of human DNA from the historical Tyrol region (South Tyrol, North Tyrol, East Tyrol, Trentino) and bordering regions of Central Europe: Austria (Vorarlberg, Salzburg, Carinthia/Kärnten, Upper Austria/Oberösterreich, Styria/Steiermark), North Italy (Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Lombardy, Piemonte, Aosta, Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany), Switzerland (Graubünden/Grisons, St. Gallen), South Germany (Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg), Slovenia, Croatia, East/Alpine France (Alsace, Franche-Comté, Lorraine, Rhône-Alpes), Czechia, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Romania.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Autosomal and complete genome

admixture example

Publications:

  • South Tyrolean Isolated Populations Y-DNA (UEP), mtDNA, and 8 Alu Polymorphisms, Pichler, Mueller, Stefanov et al. 2006 (277 samples)
    Y-DNA Puster Valley (n=35) P* (xR1a) 47%, BR* (xDE, JR) 34%, E* (xE3a) 9%, R1a* 6%, L 3%, Y* (xBR, A3b2) 3%
    Y-DNA Eisack Valley (n=34) P* (xR1a) 46%, BR* (xDE, JR) 29%, R1a* 15%, E* (xE3a) 3%, K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) 3%, E3a 3%
    Y-DNA Badiot Valley (n=24) P* (xR1a) 58%, BR* (xDE, JR) 21%, R1a* 13%, L 8%
    Y-DNA Lower Vinschgau (n=32) P* (xR1a) 47%, BR* (xDE, JR), R1a1 13%, E* (xE3a) 3%, K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) 3%
    Y-DNA Upper Vinschgau (n=32) P* (xR1a) 56%, BR* (xDE, JR) 31%, E* (xE3a) 9%, R1a1 3%
    Y-DNA Stilfs (n=37) P* (xR1a) 35%, BR* (xDE, JR) 32%, E* (xE3a) 14%, K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) 14%, R1a1 3%, E3a 3%
    Y-DNA South Tyrol (n=194) P* (xR1a) 47%, BR* (xDE, JR) 31%, E* (xE3a) 7%, R1a* 5%, K* (xL, N3, O2b, P) 4%, R1a1 3%, L 2%, E3a 1%, Y* (xBR, A3b2) 1%
  • South Tyrol three microisolates (MICROS) Genetic study, Pattaro et al. 2007 (1175 participants)
  • South Tyrol Isolates Value for Genetic Dissection of Complex Diseases, Marroni, Pichler et al. 2006 (403 males)

Y-DNA and mtDNA

  • South Tyrol isolates mtDNA Y-DNA - Ladin communities, Thomas et al. 2007 (263 men, 56 LVB, 46 LVG, 52 GVL, 50 GVU, 59 ITA)
    LV (Ladin, n=102, LVB Badiot n=56, LVG Gherdëin n=46): ~R1b 65%, ~G+I 13%, J 12% (LVB 5%, LVG 20%), L 6% (LVB 9%, LVG 2%), ~E 3%, R1a 2% (LVB 0%, LVG 4%)
    GV (Vinschgau German, n=102, GVL Latsch n=52, GVU Laas/Prad n=50): ~R1b 42%, ~G+I 25%, J 14%, R1a 9% (GVL 12%, GVU 6%), ~E 8% (GVL 6%, GVU 10%), L 2%
    ITA (Ital.speakers BZ, n=59): ~R1b 37%, ~G+I 25%, J 15%, ~E 12%, ~K*(S?) 5%, R1a 3%, L 2%

Y-DNA (Y-Chromosome, Paternal Line)

Tyrolean Y-DNA Publications

  • Tyrolean Alps Y-chromosome Variability, sample evaluation, collection of 3.800 blood samples begins in Jan. 2007, project description, German Project Site: historisch-genetischer Hintergrund Tirol
  • Frequency Y-chromosome Tyrolean district of Reutte, Erhart, Berger, Niederstätter et al. 2012 (261 samples, 17 Y-STRs, 19 Y-SNPs)
    R1b-U106/S21 20,9%, R1b-M269* 13,6%, R1b-U152/S28 12,4%, I1-M253 10,5%, G2a-P15 8,5%, E1b-M78 8,1%, J-M304 8,1%, R1a-M17 7,8%, I2-M223 2,7%, I2-P37.2 2,7%, K-M9* (LT, NO) 0,8%, P-M45* (Q) 0,8%, G-M201* 0,4%, I-M170* 0,4%, R1-M173*
  • East Tyrolean Dissection of Y Chromosome Variation, Niederstätter, Rampl, Erhart, Pitterl, Oberacher et al. 2012 (270 samples, 17 Y-STRs, 27 Y-SNPs)
    R1b-U106/S21 18,9%, I1-M253 15,9%, R1a-M17 14,1%, R1b-U152/S28 12,6%, J-M304 8,9%, G2a-P15 7,4%, R1b-M412/S167* 4,8%, E1b-M78 4,4%, R1b-S116* 3,0%, I2-M223 2,6 %, R1b-L23/S141* 1,9%
  • Tyrol Y-SNPs Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b, Niederstätter et al. 2008 (135 individuals)
    R1b-U106/S21 60%, R1b-U152/S28 21%, R1b-U198 2%, R1b* 19%
  • Tirol Y-STR typing, Berger, Niederstätter et al. 2005 (135 unrelated men and 70 sons)

mtDNA (mitochondrial DNA, Maternal Line)

Emigrants

Bordering Regions

North Italy

Germany (South)

  • Paternal genetic landscape of Polish and German (incl. Bavarian Augsburg/Swabia), Rębała, Martínez-Cruz, Tönjes, Kovacs et al. 2012 (Augsburg/Swabia N=218, 39 HG, 19 STR)
    I1-M253* 13,8%, R1b-U106* 11,5%, R1b-U106-L48 9,2%, R1a-M17-M458 7,8%, E1b-V13 6,9%, R1b-P312* 6,9%, R1b-U152-L2* 5,5%, R1a-M17* 4,6%, R1b-U152* 3,7%, G2a-P15 3,2%, I1-M253-L22 3,2%, J2a-M410-M67* 3,2%, I2-M423 2,8%, R1b-L23* 2,8%, I2-M223 2,3%, J2a-M410* 2,3%, J2b-M241 1,4%, R1b-L21 1,4%, etc.

Italy (incl. Mid)

South Italy

Balkan

Ancient

Migration

  • Brazilian Y-Chromosome Lineages, Carvalho-Silva et al. 2001, [1]

Europe / Mediterranean

see also

South Tyrol (Ötzi’s homeland) historical migrations

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